Background: ASEAN Transport Facilitation Agreements


10 ASEAN Countries collaborate to integrate and harmonize transit transport system within the region and improve the system’s efficiency in order to facilitate seamless movement of people and goods and integrate with the global economy.

The members states have signed 4 important Framework Agreements on Transport Facilitation to promote ASEAN trade with aims to realize an efficient and integrated transport system. As well as to promote the use of information technology in seamless transportation.

  ASEAN Transport Facilitation Agreements

ASEAN Transport Facilitation Agreements aim to facilitate the seamless movement of goods and passengers in the region. For simplification and harmonization of international transport procedures and information flows, in order to reduce the time and cost of logistics involved in moving cargo and passengers within a territory.


Signed on 16 Dec 1998

ASEAN Framework Agreement on the Facilitation of Goods in Transit: AFAFGIT


Signed on 17 Nov 2005

ASEAN Framework Agreement on Multimodal Transport: AFAMT


Signed on 10 Dec 2009

ASEAN Framework Agreement on the Facilitation of Inter-State Transport: AFAFIST


Signed on 13 October 2017

ASEAN Framework Agreement on The Facilitation of Cross Border Transport of Passenger by Road Vehicles: CBTP


The ASEAN Framework Agreement on Facilitation of Goods in Transit (AFAFGIT) signed in Ha Noi, Vietnam in 1998 by the Transport Minister is a core instrument for the realization of those objectives. It composed of nine Protocols that set out standards to be put into place for the implementation of an international transit system.


Protocol 1:
Designation of Transit Transport Routes and Facilities

Protocol 2:
Designation of Frontier Posts

Protocol 3:
Types and Quantity of Road Vehicles

Protocol 4:
Technical Requirements of Vehicles

Protocol 5:
ASEAN Scheme of Compulsory Motor Vehicle Insurance

Protocol 6:
Railway Border and Interchange Stations

Protocol 7:
Customs Transit System

Protocol 8:
Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures

Protocol 9:
Dangerous Goods

  Establishment of National Bureau of Insurance of ASEAN Member States


Protocol 5 ASEAN Scheme of Compulsory Motor Vehicle Insurance of the AFAFGIT Agreement, was signed in 2001 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia by the Ministers of Finance of 10 member countries. It requires all ASEAN member countries to establish a National Bureau of Insurance, to perform functions necessary for the operation of the Protocol 5. Including implementing compulsory motor insurance for cross border vehicles, managing issuance of Blue Card and coordinating/facilitating road victims to receive compensation conveniently.

  ASEAN Council of Bureaux (COB) establishment

ASEAN Council of Bureaux (COB) was established under Article 11 of Protocol 5 ASEAN Scheme of Compulsory Motor Vehicle Insurance of the ASEAN Framework Agreement on the Facilitation of Goods in Transit (AFAFGIT).
ASEANCOB consists of representatives of all National Bureaux of member countries and a representative of the Transit Transport Coordinating Board.
To coordinate and supervise the legal, technical, administrative and financial operations of the National Buraux of all ASEAN countries.
To ultimately support the operations of Protocol 5 and accommodate the implementation of the ASEAN Transport Agreements.



The AFAFGIT Agreement requires that freight vehicles, including all types of vehicles that drive through any member countries’ territory, must insure under compulsory motor insurance of that country. After the insurance is issued, an Electronic Blue Card will be given to the driver / vehicle owner as evidence of having compulsory motor insurance for competent authority to verify at the border check point when crossing the border.
Since the first ASEANCOB Meeting in Singapore in 2001, over the years, ASEANCOB has continuously and progressively improved the operation to accelerate the implementation of Protocol 5.
To make the compulsory third party liability insurance available for online purchase through the website

To take care of ASEAN Citizen through insurance instrument, for peace of mind for land transport through ASEAN borders and support the implementation of ASEAN Transport Agreements as in ASEAN ‘s spirit to make “ASEAN as One Community.

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